Long-blade decorated weapon
Saber, as a type of cold arms, appeared in the VII century in Asia and the Middle East. For the first time, nomadic peoples began to use sabers who needed light weapons capable of hitting the enemy at a gallop. The use of Damascus steel allowed to make the first sabers, light enough not to hinder movement, and strong enough to strike.
Later, these weapons became widespread in Russia and in Europe. Around the XII century saber was already actively used as an element of weapons in many countries. Given the vast geography of distribution, the sabers of various troops acquired their own specific features: the size and curvature of the blade, the shape of the hilt.
Mostly the saber was used by the cavalry, which explains the long curved blade and one-sided sharpening, which made it possible to deliver slashing blows with maximum efficiency while riding. There are also shorter sabers that were in service in the infantry troops. Such weapons, as a rule, had a one-and-a-half sharpening for inflicting slashing and piercing punches.
Up to the 20th century, the saber remained the main weapon of cavalry; in our days, the sabers are used only as parade uniform accessories.